Switzerland lags behind in solar and wind power in European comparison

In a short study, the Swiss Energy Foundation (Schweizerische Energie-Stiftung, SES) has compared the status and development of solar and wind energy production in Switzerland with the 27 countries of the European Union. Although solar power production per capita has increased significantly, the situation has not improved in an overall comparison. With 372 kilowatt hours (kWh) per capita, 356 of which came from PV and 17 from wind power, the country ranks 23rd. Last year, it was 24th with 311 kWh per capita (294 from PV and 17 from wind). In comparison with eight surrounding countries, Switzerland ranks second to last (see graph).
The highest share of solar and wind power in Europe (mainly due to wind power) is in Denmark with 2,990 kWh, followed by Sweden with 2,782 and Germany with 1,970 kWh. The last places are occupied by Latvia with 86, Slovakia with 122 and Slovenia with 186 kWh per inhabitant.
In Switzerland, PV and wind currently account for just under five percent of electricity production. The country owes its still comparatively high share of renewable energies almost exclusively to hydropower, which contributes 61 percent to electricity production. According to SES, the currently pending revision of the Swiss Energy Act must therefore »above all implement the central demand for minimizing the investment risks for PV systems«. What is needed is »a hedge against volatile and low electricity prices«. For large solar plants, this could be floating market premiums; for smaller plants, there is a need for »a cost-related redelivery tariff.«

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