Share of renewable power in Germany increased in 2020 to 49 percent
Post date: 05/01/2021 - 08:12
The share of electricity generated from renewable energies in the grid load was 49.3 percent in 2020 (2019: 46.1 percent). The largest contribution came from wind turbines - primarily onshore. Onshore and offshore plants together accounted for 27.4 percent. Photovoltaics covered 9.7 percent. Biomass, hydropower and other renewables accounted for the remaining 12.2 percent, according to the latest data of the Federal Network Agency.
Overall, generation from renewables in 2020 was 233.1 terawatt hours (TWh), 4.1 percent higher than the previous year's figure of 223.9 TWh. Wind onshore generation was 103.1 TWh, about 3.5 percent higher than the previous year's 99.6 TWh. Wind offshore generation was 11.2 percent higher (from 24.2 TWh in 2019 to 26.9 TWh in 2020). Photovoltaic feed-in increased from 41.9 TWh in 2019 to 45.8 TWh last year.
Generation from conventional energy sources totaled 259.2 TWh. Compared to 2019, it thus decreased by 12.2 percent. Grid load in 2020 fell by a total of 3.2 percent to 474.9 TWh (2019: 490.5 TWh) and (net) electricity generation by 5.2 percent to 492.3 TWh (2019: 519.2 TWh).
On a daily basis, the share of renewables in the 2020 grid load was always at least 16.0 percent, the agency said. The highest share within one hour was recorded on May 17, 2020, between 2 p.m. and 3 p.m., at 112.2 percent (49.3 GWh).
Germany was again a net exporter of electricity in 2020, with a total of 18.9 TWh. Exports accounted for 52.5 TWh (2019: 59.4 TWh) and imports for 33.6 TWh (2019: 24.2 TWh). Net exports decreased by 46.2 percent compared to 2019 (35.1 TWh).
The data are provided by the German transmission system operators and could be updated based on new findings. The share of grid load accounted for by electricity generated from renewables differs from the basis of calculation for the German government's target definitions for the expansion of renewables, which is based on gross electricity consumption. The grid load does not include power plants' own consumption and industrial grids, so that the calculation basis used here tends to result in a higher share of renewable energies compared to the share of gross electricity consumption.