»RES Monitor« report: no EU country offers good conditions for renewables

Berlin-based Eclareon GmbH has published the final report of the »RES Policy Monitoring Database« project, listing and assessing the obstacles to the development of wind and solar plants in all 27 EU countries plus the United Kingdom. According to the report, administrative processes such as planning and permitting in particular hinder renewable energy projects in Europe. The procedures are often blocked by »high complexity, long duration and low transparency« in administrations. According to the report, the integration of renewables into spatial and environmental planning is another major challenge.
In Hungary, Ireland and Poland, the obstacles are considered so severe that they make project development – at least for wind energy – »almost impossible.«
Hurdles in the political and economic environment are found throughout Europe, particularly in Hungary and Romania, and more recently in Lithuania and Italy. Wind and PV projects in all countries also struggle with the cost of grid access or the transparency of the grid connection process. Hungary, Greece, Bulgaria, Austria and Belgium, in particular, have been badly affected by this.
A specially developed »index system« shows that the barriers for project developers are greatest in Hungary, for example (0.94 index points), followed by Italy (0.89) and Ireland (0.88). In the midfield, there are still »high« restrictions in Cyprus, Spain and Portugal, for example, each with an index of 0.83. »Moderate« conditions are found by investors and installers in the Netherlands (0.76) and Luxembourg (0.74) – the two countries with the least serious hurdles in this list. Finland, Germany and Slovakia follow with 0.78 each. »Low« (index below 0.60) or even »minimal« barriers (index below 0.30) to solar and wind power development are not identified by the report anywhere in Europe.
The study »Barriers and best practices for wind and solar electricity in the EU27 and UK« is available free of charge as a PDF (100 pages) on the Eclareon website. The evaluation of individual countries (»barrier index«) and the data basis are available on the project website.

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