Fraunhofer ISE accompanies the construction of a vertically integrated 5 GW photovoltaic factory in Andalusia

German Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE is supporting the newly founded company »Greenland Gigafactory« in its preparations to build a highly automated production facility for photovoltaic products with a capacity of 5 GW in Spain. The company is providing advice from factory planning and technical support to the joint development of advanced cell technologies. The design process will be supported by German machinery and plant manufacturer Bosch Rexroth AG.
On behalf of the German Engineering Federation (Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e. V., VDMA), Fraunhofer ISE had prepared a study in 2019 that looked at the competitiveness of the European photovoltaic industry. »Among the key criteria that were identified is that low manufacturing costs for local/regional production in Europe can only be achieved if a factory with an appropriate minimum size is launched,« the scientists said. Another finding of the study was that »given today's manufacturing costs of less than 20 euro cents per watt-peak, the share of transport costs for modules as well as for subcomponents« is increasing and amounts to almost ten percent. »Local production close to the target market, as well as building a local value chain, are essential for the profitability of European PV production and independence from imports.«
The Spanish province of Andalusia and the city of Seville now want to establish a regional vertically integrated photovoltaic production. The factory along the entire value chain from material to wafer and solar cell to solar module is to be built within the next two years in a free trade zone in the port of Seville.
For this purpose, the company »Greenland Gigafactory« was founded. The focus would be on monocrystalline silicon wafers in M10 format for PERC solar cells, which would be installed in half- and triple-cell modules of at least 540 W. »We will also support Greenland in the ramp up and technological development of the company,« explained Jochen Rentsch, head of department in the PV Production Technologies division at Fraunhofer ISE.

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